[2023] 50 Instructional Strategies Examples for Every Elementary Classroom

instructional strategies examples for elementary Teacher Strategies

Quick Answer:
Instructional strategies are techniques and methods used by teachers to engage students in the learning process and promote deeper understanding. Here are 50 examples of instructional strategies that can be used in elementary classrooms:

  1. Problem-Solving
  2. Lecture
  3. Didactic Questioning
  4. Demonstration
  5. Storytelling
  6. Drill & Practice
  7. Spaced Repetition
  8. Project-Based Learning
  9. Concept Mapping
  10. Case Studies
  11. Reading for Meaning
  12. Science Experiments
  13. Field Trips
  14. Games
  15. Simulations
  16. Service Learning
  17. Peer Instruction
  18. Debate
  19. Fishbowl
  20. Brainstorming
  21. Role-Playing
  22. Think-Pair-Share
  23. Learning Centers
  24. Computer-Based Instruction
  25. Essays
  26. Research Projects
  27. Journaling
  28. Graphic Organizers
  29. Jigsaw
  30. Cooperative Learning
  31. Visual Aids
  32. Manipulatives
  33. Socratic Seminars
  34. Think Alouds
  35. Interactive Whiteboards
  36. Flipped Classroom
  37. Differentiated Instruction
  38. Guided Reading
  39. Think-Tac-Toe
  40. Problem-Based Learning
  41. Concept Attainment
  42. Direct Instruction
  43. Reciprocal Teaching
  44. Inquiry-Based Learning
  45. Self-Assessment
  46. Exit Tickets
  47. Peer Feedback
  48. Metacognition
  49. Mnemonics
  50. Reflective Journals

Quick Tips and Facts:

  • Different instructional strategies cater to different learning styles and promote active engagement.
  • It is important to vary instructional strategies to keep students engaged and meet their diverse needs.
  • Effective instructional strategies promote critical thinking, problem-solving, and collaboration skills.
  • It is essential to provide clear instructions and scaffold learning when using instructional strategies.
  • Regularly assess student understanding and adjust instructional strategies accordingly.

Background


Instructional strategies are the techniques and methods that teachers use to facilitate learning in the classroom. These strategies aim to engage students, promote deeper understanding, and cater to different learning styles. By employing a variety of instructional strategies, teachers can create a dynamic and inclusive learning environment that meets the diverse needs of their students.

50 Instructional Strategies Examples for Every Elementary Classroom


1. Problem-Solving

Problem-solving activities encourage critical thinking and help students develop problem-solving skills. Teachers can present real-world problems or scenarios for students to analyze and solve collaboratively.

2. Lecture

Lectures involve the teacher presenting information to the whole class. This strategy is useful for introducing new concepts or providing background knowledge. However, it is important to make lectures interactive and engaging to maintain student interest.

3. Didactic Questioning

Didactic questioning involves the teacher asking questions to guide student thinking and promote deeper understanding. By asking open-ended questions, teachers can encourage students to think critically and articulate their thoughts.

4. Demonstration

Demonstrations involve the teacher showing students how to perform a task or complete a process. This strategy is particularly effective for teaching practical skills or complex procedures.

5. Storytelling

Storytelling is a powerful instructional strategy that engages students and helps them make connections to the content. Teachers can use stories to introduce new concepts, illustrate real-life examples, or spark student interest.

6. Drill & Practice

Drill and practice activities involve repetitive practice of skills or concepts. These activities help reinforce learning and improve retention. However, it is important to balance drill and practice with other instructional strategies to maintain student engagement.

7. Spaced Repetition

Spaced repetition involves revisiting previously learned material at spaced intervals. This strategy helps reinforce learning and improve long-term retention. Teachers can incorporate spaced repetition through regular review activities or quizzes.

8. Project-Based Learning

Project-based learning involves students working on a project or task that requires them to apply knowledge and skills to real-world situations. This strategy promotes critical thinking, problem-solving, collaboration, and creativity.

9. Concept Mapping

Concept mapping is a visual representation of relationships between concepts. This strategy helps students organize and connect information, promoting deeper understanding and critical thinking.

10. Case Studies

Case studies involve analyzing real or hypothetical scenarios to apply knowledge and problem-solving skills. This strategy encourages critical thinking, decision-making, and collaboration.

11. Reading for Meaning

Reading for meaning involves actively engaging with texts to understand and analyze the content. Teachers can use strategies such as close reading, annotation, and discussion to promote comprehension and critical thinking.

12. Science Experiments

Science experiments provide hands-on opportunities for students to explore scientific concepts and develop inquiry skills. These activities promote critical thinking, problem-solving, and collaboration.

13. Field Trips

Field trips offer students the opportunity to learn outside the classroom and make real-world connections to the curriculum. Teachers can plan field trips to museums, historical sites, or nature reserves to enhance learning experiences.

14. Games

Games are an engaging way to reinforce learning and promote active participation. Teachers can incorporate educational games that align with the curriculum to make learning fun and interactive.

15. Simulations

Simulations allow students to experience real-world scenarios in a controlled environment. This strategy promotes problem-solving, decision-making, and critical thinking skills.

16. Service Learning

Service learning involves students engaging in community service projects that connect to the curriculum. This strategy promotes civic engagement, empathy, and critical thinking.

17. Peer Instruction

Peer instruction involves students teaching and learning from each other. This strategy promotes collaboration, communication, and critical thinking skills.

18. Debate

Debates provide opportunities for students to research, analyze, and present arguments on a given topic. This strategy promotes critical thinking, communication, and persuasive skills.

19. Fishbowl

Fishbowl discussions involve a small group of students having a discussion while the rest of the class observes. This strategy promotes active listening, critical thinking, and respectful communication.

20. Brainstorming

Brainstorming encourages students to generate ideas and solutions to a problem or question. This strategy promotes creativity, critical thinking, and collaboration.

21. Role-Playing

Role-playing involves students taking on different roles or perspectives to understand a concept or scenario. This strategy promotes empathy, critical thinking, and communication skills.

22. Think-Pair-Share

Think-pair-share involves students individually thinking about a question or prompt, discussing their thoughts with a partner, and then sharing with the whole class. This strategy promotes critical thinking, collaboration, and communication.

23. Learning Centers

Learning centers are designated areas in the classroom where students can engage in independent or small group activities related to the curriculum. This strategy promotes independent learning, collaboration, and hands-on exploration.

24. Computer-Based Instruction

Computer-based instruction involves using technology to deliver instruction and engage students in interactive learning activities. This strategy promotes digital literacy, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.

25. Essays

Essays require students to express their thoughts and ideas in a structured written format. This strategy promotes critical thinking, communication, and writing skills.

26. Research Projects

Research projects involve students conducting independent research on a topic of interest. This strategy promotes critical thinking, information literacy, and presentation skills.

27. Journaling

Journaling involves students reflecting on their learning experiences and expressing their thoughts and feelings in writing. This strategy promotes self-reflection, critical thinking, and self-expression.

28. Graphic Organizers

Graphic organizers are visual tools that help students organize and connect information. This strategy promotes critical thinking, comprehension, and organization skills.

29. Jigsaw

Jigsaw is a cooperative learning strategy where students work in small groups to become experts on a specific topic and then teach their findings to the rest of the class. This strategy promotes collaboration, critical thinking, and communication skills.

30. Cooperative Learning

Cooperative learning involves students working together in small groups to achieve a common goal. This strategy promotes collaboration, communication, and critical thinking skills.

31. Visual Aids

Visual aids such as charts, diagrams, and images help students visualize and understand complex concepts. This strategy promotes comprehension, critical thinking, and engagement.

32. Manipulatives

Manipulatives are hands-on materials that students can use to explore and understand abstract concepts. This strategy promotes kinesthetic learning, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.

33. Socratic Seminars

Socratic seminars involve students engaging in a structured discussion around a text or topic. This strategy promotes critical thinking, communication, and respectful dialogue.

34. Think Alouds

Think alouds involve the teacher verbalizing their thought process while solving a problem or completing a task. This strategy helps students develop metacognitive skills and understand problem-solving strategies.

35. Interactive Whiteboards

Interactive whiteboards allow teachers and students to interact with digital content and engage in collaborative activities. This strategy promotes active learning, critical thinking, and technology literacy.

36. Flipped Classroom

The flipped classroom model involves students learning new content at home through videos or online resources and using class time for hands-on activities and discussions. This strategy promotes self-directed learning, critical thinking, and collaboration.

37. Differentiated Instruction

Differentiated instruction involves tailoring instruction to meet the diverse needs of students. This strategy promotes individualized learning, critical thinking, and engagement.

38. Guided Reading

Guided reading involves small group instruction where students read and discuss texts at their instructional level. This strategy promotes reading comprehension, critical thinking, and collaboration.

39. Think-Tac-Toe

Think-tac-toe is a choice-based activity where students select tasks from a grid to demonstrate their understanding of a topic. This strategy promotes critical thinking, creativity, and self-directed learning.

40. Problem-Based Learning

Problem-based learning involves students working on authentic, real-world problems that require critical thinking and problem-solving skills. This strategy promotes collaboration, creativity, and inquiry.

41. Concept Attainment

Concept attainment involves presenting students with examples and non-examples of a concept to help them understand its defining characteristics. This strategy promotes critical thinking, analysis, and classification skills.

42. Direct Instruction

Direct instruction involves the teacher providing explicit instruction and modeling of skills or concepts. This strategy promotes clarity, comprehension, and skill development.

43. Reciprocal Teaching

Reciprocal teaching involves students taking turns leading discussions and summarizing key points while reading a text. This strategy promotes comprehension, critical thinking, and collaboration.

44. Inquiry-Based Learning

Inquiry-based learning involves students exploring questions, problems, or phenomena through investigation and discovery. This strategy promotes curiosity, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.

45. Self-Assessment

Self-assessment involves students reflecting on their own learning and progress. This strategy promotes metacognition, self-reflection, and goal-setting.

46. Exit Tickets

Exit tickets are brief assessments or reflections that students complete at the end of a lesson or class. This strategy provides feedback to the teacher and promotes self-reflection and metacognition.

47. Peer Feedback

Peer feedback involves students providing constructive feedback to their peers on their work or ideas. This strategy promotes collaboration, communication, and critical thinking.

48. Metacognition

Metacognition involves students thinking about their own thinking and learning processes. This strategy promotes self-awareness, self-regulation, and critical thinking.

49. Mnemonics

Mnemonics are memory aids or techniques that help students remember information. This strategy promotes memorization, critical thinking, and recall.

50. Reflective Journals

Reflective journals involve students writing about their learning experiences, thoughts, and feelings. This strategy promotes self-reflection, critical thinking, and self-expression.

Conclusion

Incorporating a variety of instructional strategies in the elementary classroom is essential for engaging students, promoting deeper understanding, and meeting their diverse needs. By using strategies such as problem-solving, project-based learning, simulations, and cooperative learning, teachers can create a dynamic and inclusive learning environment. It is important to regularly assess student understanding and adjust instructional strategies accordingly to ensure effective learning outcomes.

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Marti
Marti

Marti is a seasoned educator and strategist with a passion for fostering inclusive learning environments and empowering students through tailored educational experiences. With her roots as a university tutor—a position she landed during her undergraduate years—Marti has always been driven by the joy of facilitating others' learning journeys.

Holding a Bachelor's degree in Communication alongside a degree in Social Work, she has mastered the art of empathetic communication, enabling her to connect with students on a profound level. Marti’s unique educational background allows her to incorporate holistic approaches into her teaching, addressing not just the academic, but also the emotional and social needs of her students.

Throughout her career, Marti has developed and implemented innovative teaching strategies that cater to diverse learning styles, believing firmly that education should be accessible and engaging for all. Her work on the Teacher Strategies site encapsulates her extensive experience and dedication to education, offering readers insights into effective teaching methods, classroom management techniques, and strategies for fostering inclusive and supportive learning environments.

As an advocate for lifelong learning, Marti continuously seeks to expand her knowledge and skills, ensuring her teaching methods are both evidence-based and cutting edge. Whether through her blog articles on Teacher Strategies or her direct engagement with students, Marti remains committed to enhancing educational outcomes and inspiring the next generation of learners and educators alike.

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