Sample Lesson Plan Using 4As Approach in English [2024] ✅

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Have you ever wondered how to create an engaging and effective English lesson plan? Look no further! In this article, we will explore the 4As approach (Activity, Analysis, Abstraction, Application) and provide you with a sample lesson plan that incorporates this framework. Get ready to revolutionize your English teaching with this comprehensive and student-centered approach!

Table of Contents

Quick Answer

The 4As approach in lesson planning is a framework that helps teachers design effective and student-centered lessons. It consists of four components: Activity, Analysis, Abstraction, and Application. By incorporating these elements into your English lesson plans, you can create engaging and meaningful learning experiences for your students.

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Quick Tips and Facts

  • The 4As approach aligns with Experiential Learning Theory by David Kolb, which emphasizes the importance of hands-on experiences and reflection in the learning process.
  • This approach encourages active student participation and critical thinking.
  • The 4As approach can be applied to various subjects, including English.
  • It helps students connect their learning to real-life situations and enhances their understanding of the subject matter.

Background: The 4As Approach in Lesson Planning

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The 4As approach is a powerful tool for designing effective lesson plans. It provides a structured framework that guides teachers in creating engaging and student-centered learning experiences. Let’s take a closer look at each component of the 4As approach:

  1. Activity: The activity phase is all about engaging students and activating their prior knowledge. It involves hands-on activities, discussions, and interactive exercises that stimulate curiosity and interest. This phase sets the stage for the rest of the lesson by building on students’ existing knowledge and creating a positive learning environment.

  2. Analysis: In the analysis phase, students process and analyze the information presented to them. They deepen their understanding of the topic by critically thinking about the content, asking questions, and making connections. This phase encourages students to think independently and develop their analytical skills.

  3. Abstraction: The abstraction phase focuses on reinforcing and generalizing the lesson. Students summarize and articulate the key concepts in their own words, making the content more meaningful and relatable. This phase helps students grasp the underlying principles and apply them to real-world scenarios.

  4. Application: The application phase is where students put their learning into practice. They apply their newfound knowledge in real-life situations, solve problems, and explore innovative ways to enhance their understanding. This phase encourages creativity, independent thinking, and the practical application of knowledge.

By incorporating these four components into your English lesson plans, you can create a dynamic and engaging learning experience for your students.

Creating an Engaging English Lesson Plan

Video: How to Write a Lesson Plan The 4As Format.

Now that we understand the 4As approach, let’s explore how to create an engaging English lesson plan using this framework. Here are some steps to get you started:

  1. Identify the Learning Objective: Determine what you want your students to achieve by the end of the lesson. This could be mastering a specific grammar rule, improving their vocabulary, or enhancing their speaking skills.

  2. Plan the Activity Phase: Start the lesson with an engaging activity that activates students’ prior knowledge and introduces the topic. This could be a short video, a discussion, or a hands-on activity that sparks curiosity and interest.

  3. Design the Analysis Phase: In this phase, provide students with opportunities to analyze and process the information. This could involve reading a text, watching a video, or engaging in a group discussion. Encourage critical thinking and ask thought-provoking questions to deepen their understanding.

  4. Develop the Abstraction Phase: Help students summarize and articulate the key concepts in their own words. This could be done through individual or group activities, such as creating mind maps, writing summaries, or presenting their understanding to the class. Relate the content to real-life scenarios to make it more meaningful.

  5. Facilitate the Application Phase: Provide students with opportunities to apply their learning in practical situations. This could involve role-plays, debates, or problem-solving activities. Encourage creativity and independent thinking to enhance their understanding and skills.

Remember to incorporate a variety of teaching strategies, such as visual aids, interactive activities, and technology, to cater to different learning styles and engage your students effectively.

Sample Lesson Plan Using the 4As Approach

Video: Writing a Lesson Plan Using the 4 A's FORMAT: Lesson Plan Tutorial Series.

To illustrate how the 4As approach can be applied in an English lesson, let’s take a look at a sample lesson plan focusing on comparatives and superlatives:

Lesson Objective:

By the end of this lesson, students will be able to use comparatives and superlatives correctly in English sentences.

  1. Activity Phase:

    • Warm-up activity: Show students a series of pictures and ask them to describe the differences between the objects in the pictures.
    • Engage students in a class discussion about comparisons and introduce the concept of comparatives and superlatives.
  2. Analysis Phase:

    • Present a short video or a reading passage that provides examples of comparatives and superlatives.
    • Discuss the rules and patterns for forming comparatives and superlatives.
    • Provide practice exercises to reinforce understanding and encourage critical thinking.
  3. Abstraction Phase:

    • Ask students to summarize the rules for forming comparatives and superlatives in their own words.
    • Have students create sentences using comparatives and superlatives and share them with the class.
    • Relate the concept to real-life situations, such as comparing different products or describing people.
  4. Application Phase:

    • Divide students into pairs or small groups and assign them a task that requires using comparatives and superlatives. For example, they could create a dialogue comparing two cities or write a persuasive paragraph comparing two products.
    • Encourage creativity and independent thinking in their application of comparatives and superlatives.

By following this sample lesson plan, you can effectively incorporate the 4As approach into your English teaching and create a dynamic and engaging learning experience for your students.


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What are the 4As in lesson plan example?

The 4As in a lesson plan example refer to the four components of the 4As approach: Activity, Analysis, Abstraction, and Application. These components provide a structured framework for designing effective and student-centered lessons.

Read more about “What Does Abstraction Mean in Lesson Plans? … ✅”

How do you write a lesson plan for English teaching?

To write a lesson plan for English teaching, follow these steps:

  1. Identify the learning objective.
  2. Plan the activity phase to engage students and activate their prior knowledge.
  3. Design the analysis phase to encourage critical thinking and deeper understanding.
  4. Develop the abstraction phase to reinforce and generalize the lesson.
  5. Facilitate the application phase to encourage practical application and independent thinking.

Read more about “Unveiling the Magic of Abstraction in the 4A’s Lesson Plan … 🎓”

What is the 4 part lesson plan?

The 4 part lesson plan refers to the four components of the 4As approach: Activity, Analysis, Abstraction, and Application. These components guide teachers in creating engaging and student-centered lessons.

Read more about “What is the 4 part lesson plan?”

What is the meaning of analysis in lesson plan?

In a lesson plan, analysis refers to the phase where students process and analyze the information presented to them. It involves critical thinking, asking questions, and making connections to deepen their understanding of the topic.

Read more about “What are the 5 Approaches of Lesson Plan? … ✅”


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Incorporating the 4As approach (Activity, Analysis, Abstraction, Application) into your English lesson plans can transform your teaching and create engaging and meaningful learning experiences for your students. By following the sample lesson plan provided and adapting it to your specific teaching context, you can enhance student engagement, critical thinking, and practical application of knowledge. Embrace the 4As approach and watch your English lessons come alive!

Remember, at Teacher Strategies™, we are committed to providing you with the best strategies for success in the classroom. Check out our other articles on Instructional Coaching, Lesson Planning, Instructional Strategies, Classroom Management, and Differentiated Instruction for more valuable insights and tips.

Now that you have a solid understanding of the 4As approach and a sample lesson plan to guide you, it’s time to put it into action! Embrace this student-centered approach, engage your students, and watch their English skills soar. Happy teaching!


Marti is a seasoned educator and strategist with a passion for fostering inclusive learning environments and empowering students through tailored educational experiences. With her roots as a university tutor—a position she landed during her undergraduate years—Marti has always been driven by the joy of facilitating others' learning journeys.

Holding a Bachelor's degree in Communication alongside a degree in Social Work, she has mastered the art of empathetic communication, enabling her to connect with students on a profound level. Marti’s unique educational background allows her to incorporate holistic approaches into her teaching, addressing not just the academic, but also the emotional and social needs of her students.

Throughout her career, Marti has developed and implemented innovative teaching strategies that cater to diverse learning styles, believing firmly that education should be accessible and engaging for all. Her work on the Teacher Strategies site encapsulates her extensive experience and dedication to education, offering readers insights into effective teaching methods, classroom management techniques, and strategies for fostering inclusive and supportive learning environments.

As an advocate for lifelong learning, Marti continuously seeks to expand her knowledge and skills, ensuring her teaching methods are both evidence-based and cutting edge. Whether through her blog articles on Teacher Strategies or her direct engagement with students, Marti remains committed to enhancing educational outcomes and inspiring the next generation of learners and educators alike.

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